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Nigeria - Obtain a Commercial Pilot Certificate

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Before you can submit an application or take the test to get your commercial pilot's license, you will first need to have completed the required number of hours of flight training, which is typically 250 hours in most countries. In order to enroll for flight training, you have to secure a private pilot's license first, be in good physical shape and have excellent vision.

You should also be financially prepared because attending pilot training school can be a very expensive endeavor. On the average, you might have to spend as much as $50,000 to cover your schooling. This includes the instructor's fee, the hourly plane rentals, and other miscellaneous expenses that come in the form of instructional materials, and so on.

In order to be considered for the CPL, you'll need to have significant time logged actually in the air. 150 hours total time is the minimum required. That's quite a bit of flying time, though it does not all have to be as the pilot in command, so training time counts here. Obviously, holding a JAA PPL will put you closer to the requirement, though you will have to log additional hours regardless of the license that you hold.

You'll need to have at least 100 hours logged in the air as the Pilot in Command. That doesn't mean that you have to be the only one in the cockpit, but that you were the commanding pilot during the flight.

You will also have to have passed a wide range of ATPL examinations - there are 14 in total. You have to have a passing score in each of these areas or you will not be considered as an eligible candidate. Thankfully, you can re-sit examinations if you do not pass, though this will add time to your training.

You will have to obtain a qualifying cross-country flight of 300nm in order to earn your Commercial Pilot certificate/license as well.

All CPL applicants will have to undergo and pass a Class 1 medical examination. This can be done at any time, but be aware that you might have to retake the examination if it has been a long time since you underwent your original evaluation.

in addition to meeting all the qualifications listed above, you'll still need to take additional steps in order to earn your Commercial Pilot License. These steps consist of the theoretical examinations, as well as additional training. Once you pass this step then you can be given a commercial Pilot certificate.

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Required Documents[edit]

  • A computerized aeronautical knowledge test
  • Accumulate and log a specified amount of training and experience document.
  • A third class medical certificate.
  • A computerized aeronautical knowledge test
  • A Record of 40 hours of flight time
  • A record of Pass an oral test and flight test administered by an NCAA inspector.
  • A flight instructor certificate;
  • An instrument rating.
  • Preflight operations, including weight and balance determination, line inspection, and airplane servicing.
  • Airport and traffic pattern operations, including operations at controlled airports, radio communications, and collision avoidance precautions.
  • Flight maneuvering by reference to ground objects.
  • Flight at slow airspeeds with realistic distractions, and the recognition of and recovery from stalls entered from straight flight and from turns.
  • Normal and crosswind takeoffs and landings.
  • Control and maneuvering an airplane solely by reference to instruments, including descents and climbs using radio aids or radar directives.
  • Cross-country flying, using pilotage, dead reckoning, and radio aids.
  • Maximum performance takeoffs and landings.
  • Night flying, including takeoffs, landings, and VFR navigation.
  • Emergency operations, including simulated aircraft and equipment malfunction.

Office Locations & Contacts[edit]

The Chairman, Regulations Committee
Director General
Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority

Aviation House

Murtala Muhammed International Airport

Domestic Wing,

P.M.B. 21029, 21038 Ikeja, Lagos.


Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA)
Corporate Headquarters

Nnamdi Azikiwe Intl Airport,

Domestic Wing Abuja.



Tel: +234(1) 7610043, +234(1) 7610044

Lagos Office
Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA)

Murtala Muhammed Airport, PMB 21029,

Ikeja, Lagos Nigeria.

Tel: +234 (1) 4721521

Fax: +234(1)2790421

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It is eligible for citizens/residents of Nigeria engaging in Air transport Business.

  • A citizen of Nigeria,
  • An individual citizen of another State who is lawfully admitted for permanent residence in Nigeria,
  • A corporation lawfully organised and doing business under the laws of Nigeria and the aircraft is based and primarily used in Nigeria,
  • A government entity of Nigeria or political subdivision thereof;


Explain the fees structure which is required for obtaining the certificate/document.


  • Valid for 1 year and then a renewal is required

Documents to Use[edit]

Please attach documents that can be used by people. e.g. links

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Sample Documents[edit]

Please attach sample completed documents that would help other people.

Processing Time[edit]

  • The processing takes 6 months

Related Videos[edit]

Videos explaining the procedure or to fill the applications. 
Attach videos using the following tag <&video type="website">video ID|width|height<&/video&> from external websites.
Please remove the "&" inside the tags during implementation.
Website = allocine, blip, dailymotion, facebook, gametrailers, googlevideo, html5, metacafe, myspace, revver, 
sevenload, viddler, vimeo, youku, youtube
width = 560, height = 340, Video ID = Can be obtained from the URL of webpage where the video is displayed.
e.g In the following url "" Video ID is "Y0US7oR_t3M". 

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  • Pilots can begin training at an age of 18 and can solo balloons and gliders at age 21 in Nigeria.
  • A license will contain a number of sub-qualifications or ratings.
  • An NCAA-issued pilot certificate is evidence that an individual is duly authorized to exercise piloting privileges in Nigeria.
  • An individual may hold only one pilot certificate at one time.
  • Most pilot certificates and ratings require the applicant to pass a knowledge test, also called the written test.
  • All pilots certificates and ratings require a practical test.

Required Information[edit]

  • Be at least 21 years old and a citizen of Nigeria or Resident of Nigeria
  • Be able to read, speak, write and understand the English language.
  • Obtain at least a third class medical certificate from an Aviation Medical Examiner
  • Pass a computerized aeronautical knowledge test from Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority,
  • Accumulate and log a specified amount of training and experience, including the following:
  • At least 40 hours of flight time, including 20 hours with an instructor and 10 hours of solo flight.
  • 5 hours of solo cross-country time including one flight of at least 150 nautical miles with full stop landings at a minimum of three points
  • Three solo takeoffs and landings to a full stop at an airport with an operating control tower.
  • 3 hours of night flight training and 10 takeoffs and landings to a full stop at an airport
  • 3 hours of instrument flying training
  • Pass an oral and flight test administered by an NCAA inspector or NCAA designated examiner.

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Need for the Document[edit]

Acquiring a commercial pilot's license (CPL) is definitely an essential requirement before you can work as a professional pilot but it is only the culminating event in a long series of procedures that you have to go through.

A commercial pilot may be compensated for flying. Training for the certificate focuses on a better understanding of aircraft systems and a higher standard of airmanship. The commercial certificate itself does not allow a pilot to fly in instrument meteorological conditions. For aircraft categories where an instrument rating is available, commercial pilots without an instrument rating are restricted to daytime flight within 50 nautical miles (93 km) when flying for hire,

A commercial airplane pilot must be able to operate a complex airplane, as a specific number of hours of complex (or turbine-powered) aircraft time are among the prerequisites, and at least a portion of the practical examination is performed in a complex aircraft.

Information which might help[edit]

Here's a list of things that can disqualify you from being a pilot
  • Mental disorder, No diagnosis of psychosis, or bipolar disorder, or severe personality disorders.
  • SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCE & SUBSTANCE ABUSE A diagnosis or medical history of substance dependence is disqualifying unless there is established clinical evidence,
  • satisfactory to the Federal Air Surgeon, of recovery, including sustained total abstinence from the substance(s) for not less than the preceding 2 years.
  • A history of substance abuse within the preceding 2 years is disqualifying.
  • Substance includes alcohol and other drugs (i.e., PCP, sedatives and hynoptics, anxiolytics,
  • marijuana, cocaine, opioids, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and other psychoactive drugs or chemicals).

  • Airman with these conditions may still be eligible for "Special Issuance" of a medical certificate.
  • Unless otherwise directed by the NCAA, the Examiner must deny or defer if the applicant has a history of:

(1) Diabetes mellitus requiring hypoglycemic medication;
(2) Angina pectoris;
(3) Coronary heart disease that has been treated or, if untreated, that has been symptomatic or clinically significant;
(4) Myocardial infarction;
(5) Cardiac valve replacement;
(6) Permanent cardiac pacemaker;
(7) Heart replacement;
(8) Psychosis;
(9) Bipolar disorder;
(10) Personality disorder that is severe enough to have repeatedly manifested itself by overt acts;
(11) Substance dependence;
(12) Substance abuse;
(13) Epil

Other uses of the Document/Certificate[edit]

Please explain what are other uses of obtaining this document/certificate.
e.g. Birth Certificate can be used as proof of identity.

External Links[edit]

Place some external links which might help.

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More information which might help people.