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Nigeria - Apply for Asylum Visa

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Procedure[edit]

1.You should start by writing an application for asylum (application for the grant of a refugee's status) to the Federal Commissioner. Submit your application through the nearest competent officer (either or not an immigration officer) or through any office of the partnering world organization in Nigeria;

2.In cases

i)where an application is submitted to a competent officer who is not an immigration office, he / she (the competent officer) notifies the immigration officer about the presence of the asylum seeker as soon as possible, the immigration officer after receiving and examining application forwards to the Eligibility Committee ;

ii)where an application is submitted at the office of the partnering organization, the Commissioner for Refugees in that office after viewing and approving application forwards to the Eligibility Committee; Note: The Eligibility Committee for Refugees is a set up committee under the supervision of the Federal Commissioner with the responsibility of processing, considering applications for refugee status and recommending such applicants that qualify for that status to the Federal Commissioner and it is also responsible for registering approved applicants.

3.When the Eligibility Committee receives the application, it has the obligation of examining documents and assessing eligibility of applicant. In this case, if found necessary, the committee in the due course of processing application may invite you to appear before it for an interview;

4.After processing application, the Eligibility Committee makes a decision and the decision is communicated to you in writing by the Federal Commissioner;

5.In cases where the Eligibility Committee rejects approval of your application, the reasons for rejecting application are also given in the communication by the Federal Commissioner;

6.If an application is approved and a person has been granted refugee status, you and any other person included on the application is issued with an identity card by the Minister of internal affairs and you shall be issued with a residence permit ;




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Required Documents[edit]

1.Identification documents of applicant and any other person included on application;

2.Proof of nationality of applicant and any other person include on application

3.Marriage certificate (in case a spouse is include on the application)

4.Proof of parenthood / guardianship in case minors are included on application



Office Locations & Contacts[edit]

NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR REFUGEES

Federal Secretariat, 1st Floor

Annex 1, Shehu Shagari Way,

FCT, Abuja

Tel: 09-5233536; 5235901




Federal Ministry of Interior Affairs

Old Secretariat Area l Garki Abuja FCT Abuja +234 Nigeria

P.M.B. 0016, Garki Post Office

Telephone No.: 09-6713526, 09-2341602, 2341525, 2341935, 2341936


MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Maputo St., Wuse, Zone 3 (Opposite Nigeria

Custom Services), P.M.B. 130, Garki, Abuja

Tel: 09-5230185; 5230186; 5230189



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Eligibility[edit]

The followings foreigners are eligible for asylum in Nigeria:-

1.A foreigner whose life / liberty is threatened on basing on his / her nationality, race, religion, having a different political opinion or being a membership of a particular group;

2.A foreigner his life, physical honesty is threatened basing on external hostility, foreign supremacy, occupation or events seriously distracting public order in home country;



Fees[edit]

Explain the fees structure which is required for obtaining the certificate/document.



Validity[edit]

Explain the time until which the certificate/document is valid.
e.g. Birth Certificate Valid Forever



Documents to Use[edit]

Please attach documents that can be used by people. e.g. links



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Sample Documents[edit]

Please attach sample completed documents that would help other people.



Processing Time[edit]

Please explain processing time taken in obtaining the document/certificate.



Related Videos[edit]

Videos explaining the procedure or to fill the applications. 
Attach videos using the following tag <&video type="website">video ID|width|height<&/video&> from external websites.
Please remove the "&" inside the tags during implementation.
Website = allocine, blip, dailymotion, facebook, gametrailers, googlevideo, html5, metacafe, myspace, revver, 
sevenload, viddler, vimeo, youku, youtube
width = 560, height = 340, Video ID = Can be obtained from the URL of webpage where the video is displayed.
e.g In the following url "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y0US7oR_t3M" Video ID is "Y0US7oR_t3M". 
	



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Instructions[edit]

1.Foreigners who are proved to be a danger to the security of country shall not be granted asylum;

2.Also a foreigner who has been convicted by a court or tribunal for committing any serious crime may not be granted asylum;

3.Where an application is rejected, the applicant may appeal against the decision of the Eligibility Committee to the Refugee Appeal Board;

4.An appeal against refusal of approval must be submitted within thirty (30) days of his being notified of the refusal;

5.If a person appeals to the Refugee Appeal Board, he / she may be allowed to remain in the country till a final decision is made;

6.Applicants must know that any applicant approved is subject to all laws in force within Nigeria;

7.A person whose application is rejected, he / she is given reasonable time to look for admission as a refugee into another country;

8.Applicant whose applications await decision are free to remain in the country till a decision is made;

9.A person whose status has been withdrawn has the right to appeal against withdrawal;

10.Appeals against withdrawal of status should be submitted within seven (7) from date of receipt of communication of withdrawal;



Required Information[edit]

1.Name of Asylum seeker

2.Sex, Age and marital status of Asylum seeker

3.Nationality of Asylum seeker

4.Country of origin / nationality of Asylum seeker

5.Details of any people included on application (if any)

6.Reasons for running away from home country



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Need for the Document[edit]

Asylum is the legal title under which a foreigner stays in a given country and enjoys protection against expulsion and extradition. To apply for asylum refers to applying for refugee status in a foreign country and a person whose application for asylum is approved is referred to as a refugee. The Federal Government of Nigeria through the Ministry of Internal Affairs handles issues of refugees in partnership with world organization.

The National Commission for Refugees under the supervision of the Secretary to the Federal Government (secretary with responsibility for matters relating to refugees) has the responsibility of laying down guidelines and policy on general issues relating to refugees and persons seeking asylum in Nigeria.


Information which might help[edit]

1.It is important for applicants to note that refugee status may be withdrawn by the Federal Commission basing on reasonable grounds like:-

2.If status was granted false

3.If a person ceases to be a refugee

4.It is also important to for applicants to note that if a status has been withdrawn, a refugee may appeal in writing to the Secretary to the Federal Government and if the federal Commissioner upon receipt of application before making a final decision, refer the matter to the eligibility committee for further investigation and thereafter a decision is made;

5.A person whose status is withdrawn, the person ceases to be a refugee in the country and all other people who were initially included on application and people who became refugees by the benefit of being family members of the applicant also cease to be refugee;



Other uses of the Document/Certificate[edit]

1.Asylum seekers after approval are able to receive protection;

2.With the refugee status, a foreigner is permitted to remain in the country without limitation;

3.After approval, a refugee is issued with an identity card that is very useful in the day today life;



External Links[edit]

http://www.placng.org/lawsofnigeria/node/227

http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b522e.html

http://allafrica.com/stories/201203230606.html

http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49e484f76.html



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Others[edit]

More information which might help people.